Malaria is a parasitic infection which presents with high fever in children in hot, tropical countries like India. Malaria can be a life-threatening illness in children. Malaria is caused by a parasite called plasmodium, carried by mosquitoes, which pick it up by biting someone who already has the disease.

Signs and Symptoms

In children, malaria presents with spikes of high grade fever, usually more than 101°F. Fever is commonly associated with chills. Other symptoms of malaria can include irritability and drowsiness, with poor appetite and trouble sleeping. Sometimes, there may be a pattern of symptoms — chills, fever, sweating, which may repeat every two or three days, depending on which malaria parasite is causing the infection.

Less common symptoms include headache, nausea, aches and pains all over the body. If malaria affects the brain, someone might have fits (seizures) or loss of consciousness. The kidneys can also be affected in some cases.